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Demand for Commercial Space Hits a New Peak Of 69.4 Msf, Rising by a Significant 40% Y-O-Y: Cushman & Wakefield India

Awantika Mohanty • 13/01/2020

Gross office leasing volumes pan-India touched a phenomenal high of 69.4 msf in 2019, compared to 49.5 msf in 2018. Market demand for commercial office spaces stayed strong throughout the year. Record breaking pre-leasing activity was recorded, vacancy stayed low despite robust supply, rentals increased, and co-working space take-up rose 1.43X compared to 2018, as per the market analysis by Cushman & Wakefield India. We highlight key aspects that made 2019 a strong year for commercial leasing.

2019 WAS THE YEAR FOR FLEXIBLE WORKSPACES:

Sector

2018

2019

IT/BPM

33.3%

32.6%

Captive Centers

26.8%

19.8%

Flexible Workspaces

9.9%

10.1%

*Cushman & Wakefield Research India


Flexible workspaces have leased more than 7 msf in 2019, a new record in the Indian commercial leasing landscape. India Inc has acknowledged the merits these spaces offer and are now a strategic imperative for occupiers as part of their real estate portfolio planning. Corporates have leased more than 100,000 seats with large operators in the country over the last two years. Delhi-NCR has the largest share of flexible working space demand at 2.4 msf (a 94% rise y-o-y) followed by Bengaluru, 1.7 msf. Flex-space demand in Pune has touched 1.0 msf this year, a 3-fold rise on an annual basis. 

IT-BPM sector continued to be the largest demand driver in 2019 with a share of 32.6% in leasing activity followed by Captive / Global Capability Centres (19.8%). 

CITY WISE OFFICE LEASING STATISTICS:

Gross leasing volumes: Bengaluru topped the charts at 16.47 msf of demand followed by Delhi-NCR (13.95 msf), Mumbai (13.9 msf) and Hyderabad (10.7 msf). 

Gross Leasing Volume (in msf)

2018

2019

Growth (in percent)

Mumbai

4.49

13.95

211%

Delhi NCR

11.14

13.95

25%

Bengaluru

14.45

16.47

14%

Chennai

2.48

5.85

136%

Pune

6.09

4.96

-19%

Hyderabad

10.00

10.74

7%

Kolkata

0.61

1.83

201%

Ahmedabad

0.32

1.52

368%

PAN India

49.57

69.27

40%


Net absorption:
Net absorption in India rose to an all-time high of around 45 msf, a massive increase of 1.56X from 29 msf in 2018.

Net Absorption (in msf)

2018

2019

Growth (in percent)

Mumbai

3.2

5.18

62.9%

Delhi NCR

4.8

9.85

106.1%

Bengaluru

7.5

9.26

23.5%

Chennai

2.4

1.79

-25.1%

Pune

3.9

5.06

28.8%

Hyderabad

6.0

10.01

66.5%

Kolkata

0.4

1.41

219.5%

Ahmedabad

0.6

2.24

284.2%

PAN India

28.8

44.8

55.5%

 

Vacancy rates: At 3.6%, office vacancy in Pune has dropped to the lowest in the country followed by Bengaluru (5.2%), Hyderabad (5.5%) and Chennai (9.7%).

Vacancy Rate (%)

2018

2019

Mumbai

19.9%

18.8%

Delhi NCR

23.6%

23.4%

Bengaluru

5.8%

5.2%

Chennai

9.6%

9.7%

Pune

6.8%

3.6%

Hyderabad

6.4%

5.5%

Kolkata

38.1%

35.7%

Ahmedabad

36.5%

43.9%

PAN India

14.7%

14.3%

 

Supply: New supply rose 47% y-o-y to 50.6 msf during the year, with Delhi-NCR accounting for the largest share at 27%, where new completions have grown by a massive 140% during the year. Meanwhile, office stock in Hyderabad has grown by 21% y-o-y with new supply of 10 msf during the year.

New Completions (in msf)

2018

2019

Growth (in percent)

Mumbai

5.6

5.2

-6.8%

Delhi NCR

5.6

13.4

140.5%

Bengaluru

9.2

8.8

-4.2%

Chennai

2.8

2.0

-27.6%

Pune

3.1

3.9

25.7%

Hyderabad

5.5

10.1

84.4%

Kolkata

0.6

1.3

105.0%

Ahmedabad

1.9

5.8

198.5%

PAN India

34.4

50.6

47.2%


Pre-commitment activity:
2019 also saw a record high preleasing activity at 17.2 msf, a 7.2% y-o-y growth.  Hyderabad saw pre-commitments of 5.8 msf, garnering 34% share of the total followed by Bengaluru ay 4.7 msf (27%). Healthy pre-leasing demand was also witnessed in Delhi-NCR, Mumbai and Chennai.

Pre-commitments (in msf)

City

2018

2019

Growth (in percent)

Mumbai

0.08

2.00

2258.5%

Delhi NCR

1.86

2.19

17.8%

Bengaluru

5.54

4.69

-15.4%

Chennai

0.21

1.34

543.1%

Pune

3.12

1.20

-61.4%

Hyderabad

5.26

5.80

10.4%

Kolkata

0

0

N/A

Ahmedabad

0

0

N/A

PAN India

16.07

17.22

7.2%


“Commercial leasing volumes touched 69.4 msf in 2019, a phenomenal increase of 40% compared to 2018. Flexible workspaces hit a high note with 7 msf share in gross leasing. Interestingly this figure exceeds 2018 and 2017 combined. Occupiers from the IT space expanded their RE portfolio aggressively and contributed to the maximum share of leasing activity across sectors.

Among major metros, Hyderabad & Delhi-NCR noted unprecedented net absorption activity, Mumbai markets saw pre-commitment activity increase over twenty-fold compared to 2018, and Bengaluru led the market in gross leasing. On many notes, the office leasing performance in India surpassed industry expectations and paves the way for an optimistic year ahead.”

Anshul Jain, Country Head & Managing Director, Cushman & Wakefield India

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