The all-sector European Fair Value Index score was 61 in Q2, up from the Q2 figure of 41. Commercial real estate valuations generally improved on a relative adjusted basis as an increasing number of prime market yields in Q2 started to move upwards (reducing the future negative impact from outward yield shift), with the majority from the retail sector.
Over the last 3 months the economic outlook has continued to deteriorate. The contraction expected for 2020 has deepened and the recovery for 2021 has reduced. Oxford Economics baseline scenario now expects the Eurozone to recover to pre-crisis levels by mid-2022, a year later than was forecast 3 months ago. If a second peak in infections does occur then the recovery is delayed to 2025. Equally though, should there be a breakthrough in the vaccine then recovery could be as soon as the second half of next year. These scenarios illustrate the great uncertainty that comes with any economic forecast at the moment.
With only modest economic growth forecast and positive but slower growth in employment, limited rises are forecast for commercial property rents across much of Europe.
As such, European all sector* prime rents are forecast to increase by around 0.3% p.a. over the next five years with logistics showing faster growth than office and retail under performing.
Capital Markets Overview
The lockdown period caused quarterly transaction activity in Europe’s commercial property market to drop to its lowest since 2014. However, now that most of the continent’s confinement rules are easing, assuming that there are no major outbreaks and no more lockdowns, momentum should pick up in the second half of the year.
Government bonds were mostly stable over the quarter, with the exception of countries that were more sensitive to risk sentiment, where bond yields declined. The most notable development was a decline in the Italian 5 year bond yield of 36 basis points to 0.5%, benefitting from hopes of moves towards more coordinated support measures in the Eurozone.
*123 European markets: 49 office, 41 high street retail and 33 logistics
About the European Fair Value Index
The index was launched in August 2010 and covers 123 markets across Europe.
Fair value is the value at which an investor is indifferent between a risk free return and the forecast return from holding property, taking into account the extra risk of investing in the property asset class.
When a property price is at fair value, an investor is being adequately compensated for the risk taken in choosing to purchase real estate; similarly, when the property price is below the fair value price, an investor is being more than compensated for the risk taken in choosing to purchase real estate. When buying at or below fair value, an investor does not necessarily buy at the bottom of the market.
Our fair value analysis focuses on prime assets and a five-year investment horizon, and hold for the market overall; individual transactions may provide opportunities and risks beyond the average market view. In the report, we compare results for the current quarter with the previous quarter, which may differ from those published in the previous quarter’s report; this is due to the forward-looking methodology. As such, when our forecasts change so too does the Fair Value Index.